Nephritic syndrome is an inflammatory kidney disease with low complement levels. It is characterized by gross renal impairment and can be treated with corticosteroids. Symptoms of nephritic syndrome include decreased kidney function and edema. Treatment options vary depending on the severity of nephritic disease and the type of complement-depositing disease. Fluid restriction and diet modification reduce edema and minimize the risk of complications. Bed rest is recommended.
Treatment for nephritic syndrome is based on the underlying cause and can include lifestyle modifications or medications to prevent its progression. Patients with FSGS may also be treated with steroids or angiotensin receptor blockers, which control blood pressure and reduce protein in urine. Some immunosuppressive drugs can also be prescribed for the condition. Some people with nephritic syndrome may experience an increase in body weight.
In most cases, treatment for nephritic syndrome consists of immunosuppressive medications. These drugs may include steroids, mTOR inhibitors, or cytotoxic drugs. Plasmapheresis is used in cases where nephritic syndrome is caused by preformed antibodies. It is important to monitor blood pressure and electrolyte levels frequently. If you notice any of these symptoms, visit a doctor as soon as possible to get diagnosed.
Initial investigation of nephritic syndrome includes a history, physical examination, and serum chemistry panel. Often, nephrotic syndrome is a secondary complication of other diseases. Diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome involves an individualized approach, with a focus on determining the underlying cause. Generally, there is a high likelihood of a primary cause of nephritic syndrome. Patients with diabetes mellitus are more likely to develop nephrotic syndrome. Acute renal failure is an uncommon complication.